Client-Side vs Server-Side Scripting Languages

Scripting languages are introduced to add programming capabilities to the static web pages. It can run either at the Client-side (Front end) in the web browser or at the Server-side (Back end) by the web server. So, most of the web programming languages are designed to run in one of the two places of the website server-side or client-side. Client-side scripting languages are designed to reduce the workload of the server-side scripting languages. For example the form validation can also be done by the server-side scripting languages but it takes sometime to send and retrieve the form data from the server, instead of sending the form data to server for validation, it can be easily done in the browser itself with the help of client-side scripting languages. As a scripting languages both client-side and server-side scripting languages are translated but not compiled.

The following list provides popular Client-side and Server-side scripting languages used for web application development.

Client-side Scripting languages

  • JavaScript
  • VB Script

Server-side Scripting languages

  • JSP
  • ASP
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby on rails

Even though the client and server-side scripting languages are used to generate dynamic web content. Each has distinct functionalities and responsibilities from each other. Following below are the distinct functionalities of the client and server-side scripting language.

Client-side Scripting languages

  • It can be directly embedded in the HTML page or can be referred as external script file.
  • Runs in the web browser of the client after the HTML page is loaded.
  • It can’t interact with web server and databases.
  • Based on an Event-driven approach.
  • Cannot handle the HTTP request.

Server-side Scripting languages

  • It is also directly embedded within the HTML page but it is stored with the extension of a specific server-scripting language. For example: PHP, JSP.
  • Run by the web server before the HTML page is loaded.
  • Mainly for interaction with web server and database.
  • Based on an Event-driven approach.
  • Mainly designed to handle the HTTP requests and responses

We hope that this bird's-eye view of the client and server-side scripting languages was informative and useful. 

If you are looking to develop a Java based web and enterprise application, then check out our book - Web Applications using JSP

Web Applications using JSP
Key Features 
One stop solution for the Java based web application development
Developing and Executing JSP Program
Scripting Elements and Implicit Objects
JSP Document and Action Elements, JSP with Hibernate, Database Access in JSP
Exception Handling and Expression Language
Session Management, Custom Tags and Filters
Dedicated chapter for MVC design pattern

Web Application using JSP is a reference guide that covers all the major topics in JSP. Check this space for more blogs on Web Application Development.